By Susan Nance
Consider the occupation of a permanent if debatable icon of yankee leisure: the genial circus elephant. In Entertaining Elephants Susan Nance examines elephant behavior—drawing at the clinical literature of animal cognition, studying, and communications—to supply a examine of elephants as actors (rather than gadgets) in American circus leisure among 1800 and 1940. via constructing a deeper realizing of animal habit, Nance asserts, we will extra absolutely clarify the typical historical past of all species.
Entertaining Elephants is the 1st account that makes use of study on animal welfare, wellbeing and fitness, and cognition to interpret the historic checklist, studying how either circus humans and elephants struggled behind the curtain to satisfy the revenue must haves of the leisure company. The booklet doesn't declare that elephants understood, recommended, or resisted the realm of exhibit company as a human cultural or company perform, however it does converse of elephants rejecting the stipulations in their adventure. They lived in one of those parallel truth within the circus, one who was once outlined through their interactions with humans, different elephants, horses, bull hooks, hay, and the elements.
Nance’s research informs and complicates modern debates over human interactions with animals in leisure and past, wondering the belief of human keep watch over over animals and people's claims to talk for them. As sentient beings, those elephants exercised organisation, yet that they had no approach of realizing the human cultures that created their captivity, they usually evidently had no declare on (human) social and political strength. they generally lived lives of obvious desperation.
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Extra resources for Entertaining Elephants (Animals, History, Culture)
Entertaining Elephants (Animals, History, Culture) by Susan Nance