By Jeffrey S. Hardy
In The Gulag after Stalin, Jeffrey S. Hardy unearths how the giant Soviet penal approach used to be reimagined and reformed within the wake of Stalin's dying. Hardy argues that penal reform within the Fifties used to be a significant activity meant to remodel the Gulag right into a humane establishment that reeducated criminals into sincere Soviet voters. less than the management of Minister of inner Affairs Nikolai Dudorov, a Khrushchev appointee, this force to alter the Gulag right into a "progressive" approach the place criminals have been reformed via a mix of schooling, vocational education, leniency, activity, hard work, cultural courses, and self-governance was once either honest and no less than in part potent.
The new imaginative and prescient for the Gulag confronted many hindrances. Reeducation proved tough to quantify, a major legal responsibility in a statistics-obsessed country. The entrenched behavior of Gulag officers and the prisoner-guard energy dynamic mitigated the impact of the post-Stalin reforms. And the Soviet public by no means totally permitted the recent rules of leniency and the humane remedy of criminals. within the overdue Nineteen Fifties, they joined with a coalition of occasion officers, criminologists, procurators, newspaper journalists, and a few penal directors to rally round the slogan “The camp isn't a inn” and succeeded in reimposing harsher stipulations for inmates. through the mid-1960s the Soviet Gulag had emerged as a hybrid procedure cast from the previous Stalinist procedure, the imaginative and prescient promoted via Khrushchev and others within the mid-1950s, and the resultant counterreform flow. This new penal equilibrium mostly endured till the autumn of the Soviet Union.
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Additional info for The Gulag after Stalin: Redefining Punishment in Khrushchev’s Soviet Union, 1953-1964
The Gulag after Stalin: Redefining Punishment in Khrushchev’s Soviet Union, 1953-1964 by Jeffrey S. Hardy