Read e-book online The Seventeenth-Century Customs Service Surveyed: William PDF

By William B. Stephens

ISBN-10: 1409438376

ISBN-13: 9781409438373

In January 1682, William Culliford, a faithful and skilled officer within the King's customs carrier, started a unprecedented trip lower than Treasury orders to enquire the integrity and potency of the customs institutions of southwest England and south Wales as a part of a force to maximise the Crown's source of revenue from customs tasks (on which it relied for a lot of its revenue). beginning at Bristol, Culliford ultimately accomplished this daunting activity in Cornwall over years later within the spring of 1684. His record on all the ports he inspected (the basic resource for this ebook) published common smuggling and fraud within the context of a customs carrier either missing in potency and riddled with corruption. The publication files the various frauds and wide-ranging abuses exposed and their facilitation by means of customs officials merely too able to collude with smugglers, cheating retailers and seamen and to just accept bribes to disregard tax evasion. It describes, too, Culliford's overview of the executive practices of every port inspected and his judgment at the degrees of probity and potency of person officials, detailing his suggestions for procedural advancements and the therapy of the corrupt and incompetent and, by the way, of these suspected of political and spiritual dissent. also, the booklet offers a physique of statistical info at the customs profit truly accrued at person ports within the 1670s and 1680s and surveys the level and nature of the maritime exchange of the ports Culliford tested. It therefore not just throws gentle at the heritage of the customs provider, yet offers an extraordinary perception into the interactions of financial, social and political concerns within the later 17th century, and makes a important contribution to the actual histories of the ports and maritime districts visited through this vigorous and tenacious investigator.

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The Seventeenth-Century Customs Service Surveyed: William Culliford's Investigation of the Western Ports, 1682-84 by William B. Stephens


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